[Win32utils-devel] ICMP pings on 1.9

Daniel Berger djberg96 at gmail.com
Sat Feb 25 16:26:34 UTC 2012


Hi,

While making some tweaks to the net-ping library, I noticed that I started
getting test failures with 1.9.x on Vista for ICMP pings. A simple program
should demonstrate:

require 'net/ping'
npi = Net::Ping::ICMP.new('localhost')
p npi.ping?

icmp.rb:109:in `send': An address incompatible with the requested protocol
was used. - send(2) (Errno::EAFNOSUPPORT)
        from icmp.rb:109:in `ping'
        from icmp.rb:184:in `<main>'

Where line 109 (using the latest git repo) is:

socket.send(msg, 0, saddr)

I don't see this failure using 1.8, or even 1.9 on Unix platforms. Any
ideas?

https://github.com/djberg96/net-ping

Here's the icmp.rb source:

require File.join(File.dirname(__FILE__), 'ping')

if File::ALT_SEPARATOR
  require 'win32/security'
  require 'windows/system_info'
  include Windows::SystemInfo
end

# The Net module serves as a namespace only.
module Net

  # The Net::Ping::ICMP class encapsulates an icmp ping.
  class Ping::ICMP < Ping
    ICMP_ECHOREPLY = 0 # Echo reply
    ICMP_ECHO      = 8 # Echo request
    ICMP_SUBCODE   = 0
      
    # You cannot set or change the port value. A value of 0 is always
    # used internally for ICMP pings.
    #
    undef_method :port=

    # Returns the data size, i.e. number of bytes sent on the ping. The
    # default size is 56.
    #
    attr_reader :data_size

    # Creates and returns a new Ping::ICMP object.  This is similar to its
    # superclass constructor, but must be created with root privileges (on
    # UNIX systems), and the port value is ignored.
    #
    def initialize(host=nil, port=nil, timeout=5)
      raise 'requires root privileges' if Process.euid > 0

      if File::ALT_SEPARATOR && windows_version >= 6
        unless Win32::Security.elevated_security?
          raise 'requires elevated security'
        end
      end

      @seq = 0
      @bind_port = 0
      @bind_host = nil
      @data_size = 56
      @data = ''

      0.upto(@data_size){ |n| @data << (n % 256).chr }

      @pid  = Process.pid & 0xffff

      super(host, port, timeout)
      @port = nil # This value is not used in ICMP pings.
    end

    # Sets the number of bytes sent in the ping method.
    #
    def data_size=(size)
      @data_size = size
      @data = ''
      0.upto(size){ |n| @data << (n % 256).chr }
    end

    # Associates the local end of the socket connection with the given
    # +host+ and +port+.  The default port is 0.
    #
    def bind(host, port = 0)
      @bind_host = host
      @bind_port = port
    end
      
    # Pings the +host+ specified in this method or in the constructor.  If a
    # host was not specified either here or in the constructor, an
    # ArgumentError is raised.
    #
    def ping(host = @host)
      super(host)
      bool = false

      socket = Socket.new(
        Socket::PF_INET,
        Socket::SOCK_RAW,
        Socket::IPPROTO_ICMP
      )

      if @bind_host
        saddr = Socket.pack_sockaddr_in(@bind_port, @bind_host)
        socket.bind(saddr)
      end
         
      @seq = (@seq + 1) % 65536
      pstring = 'C2 n3 A' << @data_size.to_s
      timeout = @timeout

      checksum = 0
      msg = [ICMP_ECHO, ICMP_SUBCODE, checksum, @pid, @seq,
@data].pack(pstring)

      checksum = checksum(msg)
      msg = [ICMP_ECHO, ICMP_SUBCODE, checksum, @pid, @seq,
@data].pack(pstring)

      begin
        saddr = Socket.pack_sockaddr_in(0, host)
      rescue Exception
        socket.close unless socket.closed?
        return bool
      end
         
      start_time = Time.now

      socket.send(msg, 0, saddr) # Send the message

      begin
        Timeout.timeout(@timeout){
          while true
            io_array = select([socket], nil, nil, timeout)

            if io_array.nil? || io_array[0].empty?
              return false
            end

            pid = nil
            seq = nil

            data, sender  = socket.recvfrom(1500)
            port, host    = Socket.unpack_sockaddr_in(sender)
            type, subcode = data[20, 2].unpack('C2')

            case type
              when ICMP_ECHOREPLY
                if data.length >= 28
                  pid, seq = data[24, 4].unpack('n3')
                end
              else
                if data.length > 56
                  pid, seq = data[52, 4].unpack('n3')
                end
            end

            if pid == @pid && seq == @seq && type == ICMP_ECHOREPLY
              bool = true
              break
            end
          end
        }
      rescue Exception => err
        @exception = err
      ensure
        socket.close if socket
      end
     
      # There is no duration if the ping failed
      @duration = Time.now - start_time if bool

      return bool
    end

    alias ping? ping
    alias pingecho ping

    private

    # Perform a checksum on the message.  This is the sum of all the short
    # words and it folds the high order bits into the low order bits.
    #
    def checksum(msg)
      length    = msg.length
      num_short = length / 2
      check     = 0

      msg.unpack("n#{num_short}").each do |short|
        check += short
      end

      if length % 2 > 0
        check += msg[length-1, 1].unpack('C').first << 8
      end

      check = (check >> 16) + (check & 0xffff)
      return (~((check >> 16) + check) & 0xffff)
    end   
  end
end



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