[rspec-users] Cucumber - Recommended viewing.

Ben Mabey ben at benmabey.com
Mon Apr 13 02:31:36 EDT 2009

aslak hellesoy wrote:
> On Sun, Apr 12, 2009 at 5:35 PM, Ben Mabey <ben at benmabey.com 
> <mailto:ben at benmabey.com>> wrote:
>     Matt Wynne wrote:
>         On 11 Apr 2009, at 01:07, James Byrne wrote:
>             http://mwrc2009.confreaks.com/14-mar-2009-15-00-bdd-with-cucumber-ben-mabey.html
>         Great job with the talk Ben, it's a really good intro to
>         Cucumber and I will be pointing anyone who asks towards it.
>         One question about the kitten-killing. I was surprised that
>         defining methods in your env / step_definition files adds
>         methods to *every instance* of Object. I thought it just added
>         those methods to the particular instance of Object that's used
>         to create the World.
>         Did I misunderstand the you in the talk, or misunderstand the
>         code in Cucumber?
>     Well, the step definitions themselves don't add themselves to
>     every instance.  The Given, When, and Then methods have actually
>     killed some kittens and already live on Object (sometimes it is
>     okay).  The step methods will register the passed in blocks to the
>     StepMother-- not onto Object.  So if that is what you are
>     referring to you are correct.
> This isn't exactly how it works. The Given, When, Then methods (and a 
> few others) are defined in the Cucumber::StepMother module. This 
> module is extended by the Ruby top level object, which is a single 
> instance. Object is not altered. Here is an interesting discussion 
> about it: 
> http://groups.google.com/group/comp.lang.ruby/browse_thread/thread/7b023b23385241c7?pli=1

Interesting.. I knew that the methods started out in 
Cucumber::StepMother but I thought they had to be added to every 
instance of Object to exhibit the behaviour that they do.  That makes 
even more sense now-- and it is a very nice technique to know about!  
Thanks for clearing up that misunderstanding.

>     However, if you want to create a ruby helper method then you will
>     need to wrap it in a module to prevent to from being added to
>     every object instance.  In my example I had something like:
>     def login_as(user)
>      visit '/login'
>      fill_in 'Email', :with => user.email
>      fill_in 'Password', :with => 'password'
>      click_button
>     end
>     If you place that method in the top-level in either your env.rb or
>     any step files it is going to be living on Object since Cucumber
>     will load up these files as any other ruby file.  So you could
>     call #login_as on an Array or any other object!  Definitely not
>     what we want.  So, you need to wrap it in a module and use the
>     World hook to make the helper methods available only in your World
>     (which you get a new one for every scenario).  With the new World
>     syntax (as of 0.2.3 I believe) it would be:
>     module UserHelpers
>      def login_as(user)
>       visit '/login'
>       fill_in 'Email', :with => user.email
>       fill_in 'Password', :with => 'password'
>       click_button
>      end
>     end
>     World(UserHelpers)
>     I feel like I may of just repeated what I said in the
>     presentation... so you still may be just as confused. :/  Let me
>     know if that helps to clarify things or what part of it is confusing.
>     -Ben
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