[rspec-users] newbie cucumber tutorial

Sarah Allen lists at ruby-forum.com
Tue Dec 23 21:26:37 EST 2008

Matt Wynne wrote:
> ActiveRecord::Validations uses a trick that's used widely in rails,
> and is arguably[1] becoming a Ruby idiom, apparently.
> This is the interesting bit, around line #275:
>      def self.included(base) # :nodoc:
>        base.extend ClassMethods
> So basically that means that when the class ActiveRecord::Base
> includes the module ActiveRecord::Validations, that module extends the
> thing which included it (in this case ActiveRecord::Base) with the
> class methods defined in ActiveRecords::Validations::ClassMethods.
> Does that make sense?

um, no.  You say that the class ActiveRecord::Base includes the module 
ActiveRecord::Validations, but I don't see that in the code I'm looking 
at here: 

If I assume that I'm looking at the wrong code or it happens thru some 
magic then you can make a module which will add its class methods to the 
class which includes it?  Is that some kind of trick to create multiple 
inheritance?  Is there any way without digging thru source to know which 
class include methods from other classes or do y'all just get so cozy 
with every Rails class you use that you "just know?"

> I highly recommend reading David A Black's 'Ruby for Rails' at this
> point in your learnings. It did me a world of good when I was
> similarly new to Ruby. It's a really good deep grounding in Ruby IMO.

Just ordered a second-hand copy online.  Thanks for the recommendation.

> [1]http://blog.jayfields.com/2006/12/ruby-instance-and-class-methods-from.html
Nice reference, but I didn't fully follow that either and posted a 
similar question there.


p.s Good question Tim on the webrat magic.  I added a note to the 
tutorial that explains where the step was defined.

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